Célia em Movimento

an E-CHANGER volunteer for 7 years, celia worked until june 2007 for the 'gender sector' of the MST/BA - the rural landless workers movement in the northeastern brazilian state of bahia. from then until june 2010 she worked at the international secretariat of the world march of women in são paulo. although she is no longer a volunteer, she still works in brazil with the WMW and E-CHANGER and will therefore continue to share her professional and personal experiences... enjoy!

07 July 2008

Secret report: biofuel caused food crisis
Internal World Bank study delivers blow to plant energy drive


Aditya Chakrabortty, Friday July 4 2008, The Guardian

Biofuels have forced global food prices up by 75% - far more than previously estimated - according to a confidential World Bank report obtained by the Guardian.

The damning unpublished assessment is based on the most detailed analysis of the crisis so far, carried out by an internationally-respected economist at global financial body.

The figure emphatically contradicts the US government's claims that plant-derived fuels contribute less than 3% to food-price rises. It will add to pressure on governments in Washington and across Europe, which have turned to plant-derived fuels to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and reduce their dependence on imported oil.

Senior development sources believe the report, completed in April, has not been published to avoid embarrassing President George Bush.

"It would put the World Bank in a political hot-spot with the White House," said one yesterday.

The news comes at a critical point in the world's negotiations on biofuels policy. Leaders of the G8 industrialised countries meet next week in Hokkaido, Japan, where they will discuss the food crisis and come under intense lobbying from campaigners calling for a moratorium on the use of plant-derived fuels.

It will also put pressure on the British government, which is due to release its own report on the impact of biofuels, the Gallagher Report. The Guardian has previously reported that the British study will state that plant fuels have played a "significant" part in pushing up food prices to record levels. Although it was expected last week, the report has still not been released.

"Political leaders seem intent on suppressing and ignoring the strong evidence that biofuels are a major factor in recent food price rises," said Robert Bailey, policy adviser at Oxfam. "It is imperative that we have the full picture. While politicians concentrate on keeping industry lobbies happy, people in poor countries cannot afford enough to eat."

Rising food prices have pushed 100m people worldwide below the poverty line, estimates the World Bank, and have sparked riots from Bangladesh to Egypt. Government ministers here have described higher food and fuel prices as "the first real economic crisis of globalisation".

President Bush has linked higher food prices to higher demand from India and China, but the leaked World Bank study disputes that: "Rapid income growth in developing countries has not led to large increases in global grain consumption and was not a major factor responsible for the large price increases."

Even successive droughts in Australia, calculates the report, have had a marginal impact. Instead, it argues that the EU and US drive for biofuels has had by far the biggest impact on food supply and prices.

Since April, all petrol and diesel in Britain has had to include 2.5% from biofuels. The EU has been considering raising that target to 10% by 2020, but is faced with mounting evidence that that will only push food prices higher.

"Without the increase in biofuels, global wheat and maize stocks would not have declined appreciably and price increases due to other factors would have been moderate," says the report. The basket of food prices examined in the study rose by 140% between 2002 and this February. The report estimates that higher energy and fertiliser prices accounted for an increase of only 15%, while biofuels have been responsible for a 75% jump over that period.

It argues that production of biofuels has distorted food markets in three main ways. First, it has diverted grain away from food for fuel, with over a third of US corn now used to produce ethanol and about half of vegetable oils in the EU going towards the production of biodiesel. Second, farmers have been encouraged to set land aside for biofuel production. Third, it has sparked financial speculation in grains, driving prices up higher.

Other reviews of the food crisis looked at it over a much longer period, or have not linked these three factors, and so arrived at smaller estimates of the impact from biofuels. But the report author, Don Mitchell, is a senior economist at the Bank and has done a detailed, month-by-month analysis of the surge in food prices, which allows much closer examination of the link between biofuels and food supply.

The report points out biofuels derived from sugarcane, which Brazil specializes in, have not had such a dramatic impact.

Supporters of biofuels argue that they are a greener alternative to relying on oil and other fossil fuels, but even that claim has been disputed by some experts, who argue that it does not apply to US production of ethanol from plants.

"It is clear that some biofuels have huge impacts on food prices," said Dr David King, the government's former chief scientific adviser, last night. "All we are doing by supporting these is subsidising higher food prices, while doing nothing to tackle climate change."

Copyright Guardian Newspapers Limited 2008

To see this story with its related links go to http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2008/jul/03/biofuels.renewableenergy

11 Comments:

Blogger oakleyses said...

tiffany and co, air max, replica watches, louboutin, polo ralph lauren, nike free, ugg outlet, air max, tiffany and co, michael kors outlet, michael kors outlet, louis vuitton handbags, louboutin outlet, michael kors outlet, ugg boots clearance, ray ban sunglasses, louboutin shoes, gucci outlet, christian louboutin, louis vuitton outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, prada handbags, nike shoes, rolex watches, tory burch outlet, louis vuitton, chanel handbags, ray ban sunglasses, longchamp handbags, louis vuitton outlet stores, burberry outlet, michael kors outlet online sale, kate spade outlet, michael kors outlet, prada outlet, uggs, longchamp outlet, jordan shoes, oakley sunglasses, uggs outlet, longchamp handbags, burberry outlet, oakley sunglasses cheap, ray ban sunglasses, cheap uggs, cheap oakley sunglasses, michael kors outlet, louis vuitton outlet

9:39 pm  
Blogger oakleyses said...

vans pas cher, sac burberry, air max, true religion outlet, coach purses, michael kors, michael kors uk, converse pas cher, kate spade handbags, true religion jeans, nike roshe, polo lacoste, vanessa bruno, michael kors outlet, north face, nike free pas cher, air max, louboutin, nike blazer, coach factory outlet, sac guess, lululemon outlet online, sac hermes, nike air max, true religion outlet, hollister, new balance pas cher, air jordan, longchamp, polo ralph lauren, air max pas cher, ray ban sunglasses, true religion jeans, nike free, hollister, abercrombie and fitch, hogan outlet, coach outlet, nike tn, mulberry, ralph lauren, ray ban pas cher, sac longchamp pas cher, nike roshe run pas cher, coach outlet store online, north face, michael kors pas cher, oakley pas cher, timberland, nike air force

9:41 pm  
Blogger oakleyses said...

giuseppe zanotti, louboutin, air max, hollister clothing store, vans, converse shoes, oakley, soccer shoes, birkin bag, ray ban, herve leger, air max, abercrombie and fitch, celine handbags, nike huaraches, mac cosmetics, soccer jerseys, timberland boots, ghd, baseball bats, jimmy choo outlet, ferragamo shoes, north face outlet, beats by dre, iphone cases, instyler, babyliss pro, wedding dresses, nike trainers, insanity workout, p90x, mcm handbags, nfl jerseys, longchamp, gucci, ralph lauren, new balance shoes, asics running shoes, mont blanc, bottega veneta, hollister, valentino shoes, north face jackets, vans shoes, nike roshe run, lululemon outlet, converse, chi flat iron, reebok outlet, abercrombie

9:54 pm  
Blogger oakleyses said...

canada goose jackets, juicy couture outlet, pandora charms, marc jacobs, canada goose, michael kors outlet online, canada goose uk, karen millen, sac louis vuitton, moncler, toms shoes, coach outlet store online, ugg boots, canada goose, canada goose, pandora jewelry, barbour, michael kors handbags, moncler, swarovski crystal, supra shoes, juicy couture, rolex watches, barbour, louis vuitton, montre homme, michael kors outlet, doke gabbana, sac louis vuitton, ugg, moncler, links of london, moncler outlet, thomas sabo, sac lancel, pandora charms, louis vuitton uk, canada goose outlet, swarovski, ugg, pandora jewelry, canada goose, moncler, wedding dresses, ugg pas cher, hollister, canada goose, louis vuitton, moncler, ugg, moncler, moncler

9:57 pm  
Blogger ninest123 said...

air max, tory burch outlet, chanel handbags, louis vuitton, oakley sunglasses, tiffany and co, ugg boots, louis vuitton outlet, nike outlet, uggs on sale, nike air max, louboutin, ray ban sunglasses, louboutin shoes, ray ban sunglasses, sac longchamp, air jordan pas cher, ralph lauren pas cher, cheap oakley sunglasses, louboutin outlet, longchamp outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, louboutin pas cher, nike roshe run, christian louboutin outlet, prada handbags, nike free, nike free, longchamp, ray ban sunglasses, oakley sunglasses, gucci outlet, louis vuitton outlet, prada outlet, michael kors, louis vuitton, replica watches, kate spade outlet, oakley sunglasses, polo ralph lauren outlet, tiffany jewelry, longchamp outlet, louis vuitton, nike air max, replica watches, longchamp pas cher, jordan shoes, ugg boots, oakley sunglasses, burberry

10:59 pm  
Blogger ninest123 said...

ugg boots, michael kors outlet, michael kors, replica handbags, timberland, coach outlet, michael kors outlet, ralph lauren uk, hermes, hogan, tn pas cher, true religion jeans, coach outlet, nike free run uk, sac guess, lacoste pas cher, vans pas cher, coach purses, michael kors outlet, hollister pas cher, michael kors, north face, hollister, north face, burberry outlet online, oakley pas cher, abercrombie and fitch, nike air max, burberry, true religion jeans, ray ban uk, nike roshe, lululemon, vanessa bruno, ugg boots, nike air max, kate spade handbags, converse pas cher, ray ban pas cher, true religion jeans, nike air max, true religion outlet, michael kors, mulberry, nike blazer, new balance pas cher, michael kors outlet, michael kors, michael kors outlet, air force

11:07 pm  
Blogger ninest123 said...

iphone 5s cases, nike huarache, ipad cases, iphone cases, instyler, asics running shoes, valentino shoes, soccer shoes, vans shoes, mont blanc, babyliss, nfl jerseys, s5 cases, baseball bats, iphone 6 plus cases, nike air max, bottega veneta, nike roshe, hollister, ghd, iphone 6s plus cases, jimmy choo shoes, hollister, north face outlet, mcm handbags, p90x workout, mac cosmetics, iphone 6s cases, lululemon, timberland boots, chi flat iron, ralph lauren, soccer jerseys, reebok shoes, nike trainers, longchamp, beats by dre, new balance, herve leger, abercrombie and fitch, north face outlet, birkin bag, insanity workout, hollister, wedding dresses, celine handbags, giuseppe zanotti, ferragamo shoes, louboutin, iphone 6 cases, oakley

11:14 pm  
Blogger ninest123 said...

juicy couture outlet, ray ban, pandora jewelry, wedding dresses, moncler, lancel, pandora charms, links of london, pandora charms, swarovski, karen millen, converse, moncler, moncler, moncler outlet, juicy couture outlet, canada goose, swarovski crystal, montre pas cher, gucci, louis vuitton, louis vuitton, canada goose uk, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, hollister, supra shoes, moncler, canada goose outlet, louis vuitton, doudoune canada goose, bottes ugg, coach outlet, marc jacobs, louis vuitton, barbour jackets, moncler, canada goose, ugg pas cher, replica watches, canada goose, ugg boots uk, converse outlet, moncler, thomas sabo, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, sac louis vuitton pas cher, canada goose, canada goose outlet, barbour, toms shoes, moncler, pandora jewelry

11:23 pm  
Blogger roba. gad2 said...


https://3kary.com/property-status/homes-for-sale/
https://3kary.com/property-status/popular-homes-for-sale/
https://3kary.com/property-status/houses-for-rent/

7:34 pm  
Blogger roba. gad2 said...

https://3kary.com/property-status/popular-homes-for-rent/
https://3kary.com/property-type/houses/
https://decor-ksa.com/

8:52 pm  
Blogger رضاابو مى said...

شركة تسليك مجارى بالدمام

افضل شركة تنظيف بالدمام

افضل شركة مكافحة حشرات بالدمام

شركة تسليك المجارى بالدمام

10:42 pm  

Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home